福建棋牌,{原始关键词}

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                        国际币

                        吉甘特《意大利硬币目录》阅读指南

                        相关介绍    |    2020-04-27 15:43    |    来源:中国金币网

                        YIDALIQIANBIXUEWENXIANJUANZHIHAOFAN,DANZHONGGUOSHOUZANGZHECHANGYONGDEZHIYOUSANBEN:


                        福建棋牌,{原始关键词}《YIDALIYINGBI,CONGNAPOLUNRUQINZHIJIN》(Monete Italiane, dall'Invasione Napoleonica ai Giorni Nostri 1796-1980),ZUOZHEANDONGNIAO·PAJIANI(Antonio Pagani),XIANYIJUEBAN。


                        《YIDALIYINGBISHOUZANGJIASHOUCE》(Manuale del Collezionista di Monete Italiane),ZUOZHEOUPULEIMIAO·MENGTENEIGELUO(Eupremio Montenegro),MEINIANGENGXIN。


                        《YIDALIBANGGUOYINGBIMULU,18SHIJIZHIOUYUAN(QIYONGQIAN)》(Catalogo Nazionale Delle Monete Italiane Dal’700 All’Euro),ZUOZHEFABIAO·JIGANTE(Fabio Gigante),MEINIANGENGXIN。


                        福建棋牌,{原始关键词}ZUIHOUYIBENSHUZAIBIANPAI、KAOZHENGDENGFANGMIANKAOLVZHOUXIANG,SHULIANG、JIAGEDENGSHUJUYENENGJISHIGENGZHENG,JUYOUJIAOQIANGDESHIYONGXING,ZUIXINBANWEI2020NIANDI28BAN,BENWENJIANGXIANGZHONGGUODUZHEJIESHAOGAISHUYOUDIANJISHIYONGFANGFA。YIXIAJIANCHENG《YIDALIYINGBIMULU》。ZHUYI,WENZHANGMULUPEITUJINGZUOZHEJIGANTEXIANSHENGSHOUQUANSAOMIAO,QITARENBUDEZIXINGFUZHIHEZHUANZAI。

                        《意大利硬币目录》2020年第28版为平装,彩印,共800页,售价22欧元。


                        前言


                        TONGCHANG,HENDUOZHONGGUOSHOUZANGZHEYINYUYANZHANGAIERHULVEJIESHAOBUFEN(Introduzione),DANZHEIBUFENNEIRONGSHIDUDONGBENSHUDEJICHU,BAOHANMINGCI、SUOLVEYUHEBIAOSHIJIESHI、YINYONGSHUMU、LISHIJIESHAODENGDENG。


                        前言页


                        XINBANQIANYANSHEJILIANGGEZHUYAONEIRONG,DIYISHIJIAGEGENGGAI,DIERSHIZAIXIANXITONGJIANSHE。


                        福建棋牌,{原始关键词}XINBANMULUZHONGXINDIAOZHENGLEYINGBIJIAGE,YOUQISHISADINGWANGGUOYINGBI,YINWEIGAIPINZHONGJIAGEZAI2012-2016NIANCHENGSHANGZHANGQUSHI,DANZAI2017-2019NIANYOUCHUXIANMINGXIANDESUOSHUI。QITAPINZHONGYESHISHICHANGBIANHUAERDIAOZHENG,JIAGEYISHICHANGJIAOYIPINGJUNZHIWEIJIZHUN,DANPINZHITUCHUDEYANGBENBINGBUSHIHECANKAOMULUJIAGE。ZHIYUZAIXIANXITONGJIANSHE,WOMENZAIWENZHANGZUIHOUZAIJIESHAO。


                        索引  

                        索引页示例


                        SUOYINYEBIAOMINGLEGAISHUDEBIANPAISHUNXU,JIYIYOUBEIXIANGNANDEDILISHUNXUWEIZHU,MOUXIEZHENGZHISHITISUIRANKUAYUEDUOGEDIQU,DANMULUWEILEBAOCHINEIRONGWANZHENGXING,BUANDIQUFENGE。ZHEIZHONGANPAIZHAOGULEGUOJISHOUZANGZHEDEXIGUAN,ERPaganiMULUHEMontenegroMULUYANGEANZHAODILIQUFEN,BIRUNAPOLUNYIDALIWANGGUOYINGBIJIUFENSANZAILUNBADI、WEINITUO、AIMILIYADENGZHANGJIEZHONG。DANQINGZHUYI,LIANGZHONGBIANPAIFANGSHISHIZHENDUIBUTONGSHOUZANGXIGUANSHEJIDE,BENSHENWUYOULIEZHIFEN。


                        福建棋牌,{原始关键词}MULUZHENGWENZHUYAOBAOKUOYIXIANEIRONG:


                        SADINGWANGGUO

                        意大利王国

                        意大利殖民地

                        阿尔巴尼亚王国

                        意大利社会共和国

                        皮埃蒙特

                        拿破仑·波拿巴(法兰西共和国、帝国及意大利王国)

                        围城币

                        利古里亚

                        米兰公国与曼托瓦公国

                        伦巴底-威尼托

                        伦巴底-威尼托王国

                        临时政府(伦巴底、威尼斯、托斯卡纳)

                        艾米利亚

                        帕尔马-皮亚琴察-瓜斯塔拉公国

                        托斯卡纳大公国

                        伊特鲁里亚王国

                        卢卡与皮奥恩比诺候国

                        卢卡公国

                        罗马共和国

                        教宗国

                        KANPANIYA

                        NEIBULESIWANGGUO(BOPANGWANGCHAO)

                        TUOSIKANAZHUJUN

                        NEIBULESIWANGGUO(NAPOLUNWANGCHAO,YUESEFU·BONABA)

                        福建棋牌,{原始关键词}NEIBULESIWANGGUO,MINGYISHANGDELIANGXIXILIWANGGUO(NAPOLUNWANGCHAO,MOULA)

                        LIANGXIXILIWANGGUO(BOPANGWANGCHAO)

                        YIDALIGONGHEGUO

                        SUOMALITUOGUANDI

                        SHENGMALINUOGONGHEGUO

                        FANDIGANG


                        QIZHONGZHISHAOYOUSHIJIGEZHANGJIEYUNAPOLUN·BONABAYOUGUAN,SHIJISHANG,ZHENGSHINAPOLUNJIASULEYIDALITONGYIDELISHIJINCHENG。


                        参考书目


                        福建棋牌,{原始关键词}DI7YEWEICANKAOSHUMU,ZHUYIZUOZHEXINGQIANMINGHOU。


                        版面说明与缩写解释


                        福建棋牌,{原始关键词}ZHEIBUFENNEIRONGFENWEILIANGBUFEN。


                        福建棋牌,{原始关键词}DIYIBUFENSHIBANMIANSHUOMING,SHANGMIANYICISHIMIANE、MIANEBIECHENG、CHENGSEYUCAIZHI、ZHIJINGYUZHONGLIANG、BIBIANTEZHENG、ZHUZAO(QUEXIAN)DENGJIMIAOSHU。XIAMIANCONG1-11YICISHIMULUBIANHAO、BANBIEXIJIE、JINIAN、ZAOBICHANG、ZAOBICHANGBIAOJI、SHULIANG、XIYOUDU、MBPINJIJIAGE、BBPINJIJIAGE、SPLPINJIJIAGE、FDCPINJIJIAGE。


                        福建棋牌,{原始关键词}DIERBUFENSHIMINGCISUOXIE,BAOKUOPINJI、XIYOUDU、CAIZHIHEYINGBIYAOSU。QIZHONG,XIYOUDUWEI:CC(PUBIAN)、C(CHANGJIAN)、NC(SHAOJIAN)、R(XISHAO)、R2(FEICHANGXISHAO)、R3(HANJIAN)、R4(JIQIHANJIAN)、R5(JINJIANSHUMEI)、R6(JINJIANYIMEI)、R7(JINYOUJIZAI)。


                        YINGBIXIADEZHENGFANMIANMIAOSHUZHONGCHANGJIANRUXIAFUHAO:“()”BIAOSHIKUOHAONEIYOUSHUZIHUOZIMU;“-”WEILIANZIHAO;“/”BIAOSHISHUZIHUOZIMUZHIJIANBEIQITAYUANSUFENGE,“//”BIAOSHIHUANXING;“d. o dx”BIAOSHIYOU;“s. o sx”BIAOSHIZUO。


                        注意事项


                        福建棋牌,{原始关键词}ZHEIBUFENNEIRONGBAOHANSANKUAI:GUJIA、XIYOUDU、BANBEN。


                        GUJIA:GAISHUYIOUYUANWEIDANWEI,GUJIAFANYINGLETUSHUCHUBAN(TONGCHANGZAI8YUEYINSHUA)QIANYINIANDESHICHANGJIAGE。NANYIPINGGUDEJIAGEYI“-”TIDAI。PIANLIPINGJUNJIAGEDEYINGBIJIANGZAISHUOMINGLIZHUANMENLIECHU。


                        福建棋牌,{原始关键词}XIYOUDU:KAOLVDAOGEZHONGLISHIYINSU(XIAOHAO、XIAOHUI、SHOUHUIDENG),SHULIANGDUODEYINGBIKENENGBISHULIANGSHAODEYINGBIGENGJIANANDE,SUIZHESHIJIANBIANHUA,XIYOUDUYEHUIGAIBIAN。


                        福建棋牌,{原始关键词}BANBEN:GUANYUSHULIANGMIAOSHU,YOUYIGEMINGCI“compreso”(BAOKUO),ZHEISHIZHIDANGQIANBANBIESHULIANGBAOHANZAIBIAOZHUNBANBIESHULIANGNEI,BIRU1808 M 40 Lire DIYIBANZONGSHUWEI212583,DIERBANBIAOZHU“compreso”,JIBAOKUOZAIBIAOZHUNDEDIYIBANZONGSHUNEI。


                        品级说明1


                        福建棋牌,{原始关键词}ZHEIBUFENSHIYIDALIPINXIANGMIAOSHUYUXIEERDENGPINGFENTIXIDEDUIZHAOSHUOMING,ZHUYIMBDUIYING20-39FEN,BBDUIYING40-54FEN,SPLDUIYING55-64FEN,FDCDUIYING65FENYISHANG。DANOUZHOUSHICHANGSHANGSUOWEIDEFDC,DADUOZHINENGDADAO63-64FENBIAOZHUN。ANZHAOYANGEDINGYI,FDCSHIZHIYINGBIDEWANMEIZHUANGTAI,JUYOUTESHUDEHEYUZHONGBUTONGDEMEIGAN,ZHUZAOWANHAO,BIANYUANFENGLI,DIBANGANJING,BINGDAIYOUYUANSHIGUANGZE。


                        品级说明2

                        ZHEIBUFENSHIPINJISHUOMINGDETULI,DANYOUYUTUXIANGTAIXIAO,CANKAOYIYIYOUXIAN。


                        硬币等级


                        ZHEISHI《YIDALIYINGBIMULU》DETESEXITONG,DANHENSHAOYOUDUZHEZHUYIDAO。


                        福建棋牌,{原始关键词}1JI:JIHUWUZHUZAOQUEXIANHUOHENNANFAXIANZHUZAOQUEXIAN。


                        福建棋牌,{原始关键词}2JI:PUBIANJUYOUZHUZAOQUEXIAN。


                        福建棋牌,{原始关键词}3JI:JIHUDOUYOUZHUZAOQUEXIAN。


                        MULUDUIMEIZHONGBANSHIDEYINGBIDENGJIDOUYOUXIANGXIMIAOSHU。


                        硬币要素图例


                        RUTUSUOSHI:


                        名词解释

                        名词解释示例页


                        福建棋牌,{原始关键词}ZHEIBUFENNEIRONGBIJIAOZHONGYAO,WEIBIANYUDUZHELIJIE,BIZHEZHIZUOLEYIZHANGDUIZHAOBIAO。



                        ZHUYI,BIAOZHONGYIXIEMINGCINANYIZHAODAOHESHIDEZHONGWENDUIYING,SUOYIJINGONGCANKAO。


                        大事记


                        ZHEIBUFENJIESHAOLEZINAPOLUNRUQIN(1796)YILAIZHILILATUICHULIUTONGDELISHI。GANXINGQUDEDUZHEKEZIXINGSHIYONGOCRGONGJUFANYI。

                        大事记示例页


                        福建棋牌,{原始关键词}BIJIAOZHONGYAODESHIZUIHOUDEJIZHANGDITU。

                        拿破仑入侵之前的意大利地图

                        拿破仑·波拿巴在意大利控制的最大版图

                        维也纳会议后的意大利地图

                        1870年的意大利地图


                        ZHEIXIEDITU,DUIDUZHELEJIEGEZHENGZHISHITISUOCHUDILIWEIZHIYOUYIDINGBANGZHU。


                        货币价值换算

                        货币价值换算示例页


                        ZHEIBUFENBIJIAOZHONGYAO,TIGONGLEGEDILIUTONGYINGBIDEHUOBIHUANSUANZILIAO,SHIJIANKUADUCONGFAGUODAGEMINGDAOYIDALITONGYISHIQI。ZHUYI,SHUOMINGZHONGTIGONGDELILABIZHI,SHIYI1861NIANTONGYIHOUDEYIDALIWANGGUOLILAWEIJIZHUNDE。


                        GAIBUFENZUIHOUFUYOUYIZHANGBILICHITU,BIANYUDUZHECELIANGYINGBIZHIJING。


                        比例尺图


                        货币重量


                        ZHEIBUFENLIEJULEYINRUSHIJINZHIDULIANGXITONGZHIQIANGEDIYINGBIDUIYINGDEZHONGLIANG(KE)。


                        货币重量示例页


                        ZAILEJIEYISHANGNEIRONGHOU,DUZHEZAIYUEDUZHENGWEN,JIANGRONGYIDEDUO。


                        正文


                        福建棋牌,{原始关键词}《YIDALIYINGBIMULU》DEZHENGWENYOURUXIAYOUDIAN:


                        第一,介绍详实

                        正文示例一


                        福建棋牌,{原始关键词}RUTU,SHEJIDAOMEIGEZHENGZHISHITI,ZAIJIESHAOJUTIYINGBIZHIQIAN,MULUDOUHUIANZHAO“LISHI(HONGKUANG,HUOBIDUIHUANGUANXIRUYOULIECHU)→HUOBILEIXING(LVKUANG,RUYOULIECHU)→BIAOSHISHUOMING(LANKUANG)→QITAXIJIE”DENGSHUNXUJIESHAOGAISHITIHUOBISHENGCHAN、FAXING、BANBENYIWENDENGZHENGTIQINGKUANG。


                        第二,版面合理


                        QINGKUANGJIESHAOZHIHOUJINJIEZHENGWENBANMIAN。ZHEISHIMULUDEJICHUNEIRONG。

                        正文示例二


                        ZHENGWENBANMIANANZHAOMIANEJIANGXUPAILIE。RUTU,MEIZHONGBANSHIFUYIZHANGBITU。SHOUXIANJIESHAOTEZHENGHEFAXINGSHUJU(HONGKUANGBUFEN),ERHOUSHIBANSHISHUOMING(LVKUANGBUFEN)、PAIMAIGELI(LANKUANGBUFEN)、BIAOJIHUOXIJIE(RUYOULIECHU)。


                        ZHUYIBIANHAOBIAOSHIBIAOZHUNBANBIE,BIANHAO+ZIMUBIAOSHIXIAOBANBIE。


                        第三,币图优良


                        CHULEBANBIEJIESHAOXIANGXIDEYOUDIANZHIWAI,YANGBENJINGMEI、BITUQINGXI、CHICUNYUSHIWUXIANGTONGYESHI《YIDALIYINGBIMULU》DEYIDATESE。WEIBIANYUDUZHEXINSHANG,SHUZHONGWEIXIAOCHICUNYINGBITIGONGLEFANGDATU。


                        第四,保持更新


                        福建棋牌,{原始关键词}《YIDALIYINGBIMULU》ZISHANGSHIJI90NIANDAICHUBANKAISHI,SHIZHONGBAOCHINEIRONGSHANGDEGENGXIN。ZHEIZHONGGENGXINBUZHISHIGUJIAFANGMIAN,HAISHEJIDAOZHUBISHUJUHEXIYOUDU。LIRU,GUANYUNAPOLUNYIDALIWANGGUOZHUBI,2019BANMULUYU2018BANXIANGBI,YOURUXIABIANDONG(QIZHONGHONGZIWEIZHUBISHULIANGBIANHUA):


                        福建棋牌,{原始关键词}KEYIKANDAO,ZHEIXIEBIANHUAZHUYAOZHENDUIBOLUONIYAZAOBICHANG(CHANGBIAOZIMUB),JIGANTEXIANSHENGGAOSUBIZHE,CIQIANGAICHANGSHUJUYIQIAOWANI·KAERBONEILI(Giovanni Carboneri)DEZHUSHUWEIZHUN,DANZUIJINANZHAOBOLUONIYAZAOBICHANGGUANFANGDANGANYUYIXIUZHENG。


                        XUYAOZHUYI,GAISHUDUIBANBIEYOUYIXIEQUSHE,YIMOULANEIBULESIWANGGUO3 GranaWEILI,GAISHUYAOBIMontenegroMULUSHAO11ZHONGXIAOBANBIE,ZUOZHEDUICIDEJIESHISHI:ZHEIXIEXIAOBANBIESHIANTIMINGZHONGJIANJIADIANYUFOULAIQUFENDE,ZHEIXIEBIANHUAYOUHENDUOZHONG,ERQIEZAIJIAGESHANGMEIYOUMINGXIANQUFEN,SUOYICONGSHIYONGXINGJIAODUKAOLVBUYUSHOULU。


                        CIWAI,HAIYOUDENEIRONGMEIYOUSHOULU,BIRUZAIAERBEISISHANNANGONGHEGUOZHIHOUCHENGLIDEYIDALIGONGHEGUO(1802-1805)。MontenegroMULUSUIRANSHOULULEZHEIBUFENNEIRONG,DANYEBUQUAN。


                        福建棋牌,{原始关键词}ZHICI,GAISHUZHUYAOJIEGOUYIJINGJIESHAOWANBI,ZHIYUZHENGWENMEIZHANGDENEIRONG,XIANYUPIANFU,YIBUKENENGZHUYIJIESHAO。


                        关于数字化


                        CHULEZHIZHIBANMULU,JIGANTEXIANSHENGHAIZHILIYUYINGBISHUZIHUAXIANGMU,WEICIZHAORENKAIFALEnumispedia.itHE。QIANZHESHIYIDALIYINGBIZONGHESHUJUWANGZHAN,MUQIANZHENGZAICESHIJIEDUAN。

                        C:UsersAdministratorDesktop-20年4月第4周 吉甘特《意大利硬币目录》阅读指南‚0-04-18_120125.jpg


                        RUTU,QIANZHEDENEIRONGXIANRANCHAOCHUMULUDEFANWEI,ZHIZAIXIANG“YIDALIQIANBIXUE”ZHEIGEKUANFANDEGAINIANKAOLONG。


                        福建棋牌,{原始关键词}HOUZHEZESHI《YIDALIYINGBIMULU》DESHUZIBAN,DANZHIBAOKUOMULUZHONGDESHAOSHUPINZHONG,RUTU:


                        C:UsersAdministratorDesktop-20年4月第4周 吉甘特《意大利硬币目录》阅读指南配图-3.jpg

                        C:UsersAdministratorDesktop-20年4月第4周 吉甘特《意大利硬币目录》阅读指南配图-4.jpg


                        福建棋牌,{原始关键词}ZHEISHIJUTIPINZHONGYEMIAN,DIANJIHONGKUANGSUOSHIANNIU,KECHAKANLISHIBEIJING、ZHUZAOXINXI、BANBENZHENBIEDENGNEIRONG。RUOXIANGZHIDAOJIAGE,XUYAOZHUCEZHANGHAO,BINGSHURUMULUDIYIYEDEJIHUOMA,YOUXIAOQIZIJIHUOZHIRIQIYINIANNEIYOUXIAO。WEICIZUOZHEHAIZHAORENKAIFALEAPP,DANBIZHEFAXIANMUQIANDEWENTISHIWANGYEBANHEAPPBUNENGGONGYONGTONGYIGEJIHUOMA。NEIME,NENGFOUJIANGMULUWANZHENGNEIRONGSHUZIHUA?——ZUOZHECHENG,MUQIANSHANGWUZUGOUDEJINGLIHERENLISHIXIANCISHI。ZONGDELAIKAN,XIANSHANGXITONGSUIRANHAIBUWANSHAN,DANZAIJIAGOUSHEJISHANGYICHUJUGUIMO。


                        MUQIAN,《YIDALIYINGBI》MULUFUHEGUOJISHOUZANGZHEDEYUEDUXIGUAN,TADEBIANPAIFANGSHI,SHIZHIDETONGXINGYEJIEJIANDE。


                        福建棋牌,{原始关键词}BENWENMINGCIJIESHICANKAOWENXIAN:

                        [1]SUNKEQINGAIBIAN:《QIANBIPINGJIYUJIANDING:PCGSGUANFANGZHINAN》,SHANGHAIKEXUEJISHUCHUBANSHE,2018NIAN。

                        [2][YING]AIWAERDE·QIONGJIE:《SHIJIEZHUBIBAIKEQUANSHU》,ZHONGGUOJINRONGCHUBANSHE,1999NIAN。

                        福建棋牌,{原始关键词}[3] Martinori Edoardo, La Moneta Vocabolario Generale, Istituto Italiano di Numismatica, Roma, 1915.

                        (BIANYI:MATIANYI)


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