福建棋牌,{原始关键词}

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      1. 国际币

        克劳斯世界硬币大奖:1987年获奖币

        精品赏析    |    2020-02-25 11:19    |    来源:中国金币网

        世界硬币大奖,又称“年度硬币奖”(Coin of the Year Award),由美国克劳斯出版社主办,是当今同类硬币评选赛事中影响力最大的一个。笔者以系列连载的形式,对世界硬币大奖赛获奖币进行详细介绍。本文为系列之四。

         

        1987年获奖币综述

         

        1987NIANDUHUOJIANGBIGONGGUANLIANBAGEJIANGXIANG,FENBIESHI:

         

        NIANDUZUIJIAYINGBI(Coin of the Year)

         

        ZUIJIAJINBI(Best Gold Coin)

         

        福建棋牌,{原始关键词}ZUIJIAYINBI(Best Silver Coin)

         

        ZUIJIAKELANGBI(Best Crown Coin)

         

        ZUIJIAMAOYIBI(Best Trade Coin)

         

        ZUISHOUHUANYINGBI(Most Popular Coin)

         

        ZUIJULISHIYIYIBI(Most Historically Significant Coin)

         

        福建棋牌,{原始关键词}ZUIJUYISHUBI(Most Artistic Coin)

         

        QIZHONG,ZUIJIAMAOYIBIWEIXINZENGJIANGXIANG。

         

        共有六个国家或地区的硬币在评选中最终获奖,分别是:芬兰、英国、澳大利亚、加拿大、奥地利、印度,其中奥地利与印度并列获得“最具历史意义币”奖,芬兰是硬币获奖最多的国家。该年获奖币涉及题材主要以文化遗产、体育运动、历史人物为主。
         
        福建棋牌,{原始关键词}以下将介绍具体获奖币,本文中目录编号“KM”对应《世界硬币标准目录1901-2000》。

         

        年度最佳硬币、最佳银币、最具佳克朗币、最具艺术币:

        《卡勒瓦拉》民族史诗诞生160周年  芬兰50马克银币 


        图源:vitber.com

         

        MULUBIANHAO:KM#62,CHENGSE:0.500,ZHONGLIANG:19.90KE,ZHIJING:35HAOMI,HEERXINJIZAOBICHANGSHENGCHAN,SHULIANG:300,000MEI,DIAOKE:Tapio Nevalainen

         

        ZAIJINIANBIZHENGMIANTUANZHONG,SHUMUDAOYINGYUSHUIMIAN,SHUIMIANBOGUANGLINLIN,ZHANSHILEFENLANXIANGCUNDECHANGJIANQINGJING。BEIMIANTUANLI,YIMINGNANZILIYUBOLANGZHIZHONG,ZHEISHI《KALEWALA》DEZHURENGONGWEINAMONING(FENLANYU:Väinämöinen)。

         

        《KALEWALA》(FENLANYU:Kalevala),YOUMING《YINGXIONGGUO》,SHIFENLANDEMINZUSHISHI,YOUFENLANYISHENGAILIASI·LONGLUOTE(Elias Lonnrot,1802-1884)SHOUJIDALIANGMINGEHUIBIANERCHENG。《KALEWALA》ZAI1835NIANCHUBANSHOUBAN,1849NIANCHUBANDINGBEN。ZHEIBUSHISHIDEDANSHENGBEIRENWEISHIFENLANWENXUEZHONGZUIZHONGYAODEZHUZUOZHIYI,DUICUJINFENLANDULICHANSHENGLEJIJIZUOYONG。

         

        福建棋牌,{原始关键词}FENLANZAOZAISHANGGESHIJI60NIANDAIJIUDAPOLEYINGBITUANSHEJIDECHUANTONG,YINGBISHEJISHISHANZHANGYIXINYING、QIANWEIDEBIAOXIANSHOUFALAIBIAOXIANJINIANZHUTIDENEIHAN,《KALEWALA》JINIANBIZAI1987NIANDUSHIJIEYINGBIDAJIANGSAIZHONGHUOJIANG。SHOUCIYINQILEGUOJISHEHUIDUIFENLANZHANGPAIYISHUHEYINGBISHEJIDEGUANGFANGUANZHU。

         

        最佳金币:

        英国圣乔治屠龙5英镑金币

         

        MULUBIANHAO:KM#945,CHENGSE:0.917,ZHONGLIANG:39.94KE,ZHIJING:36.02HAOMI,YINGGUOHUANGJIAZAOBICHANGSHENGCHAN,SHULIANG:numista.comYINYONGspinkMULU,BIAOZHUPUZHIBI13,626MEI,JINGZHIBI5,849MEI,ZHENGMIANDIAOKE:Raphael David Maklouf,BEIMIANDIAOKE:Benedetto Pistrucci

        图源:NGC

         

        ZHEIZHONGJINBIFENWEIJINGZHIBIHEPUZHIBILIANGZHONG,PUZHIBIZAINIANFENZUOCEYOUYIGE“U”ZIYUANQUANBIAOJI,DAIBIAO“GUANGLIANGWEILIUTONG(BU)”。

        普制币的标记“U”

         

        福建棋牌,{原始关键词}JINBIZHENGMIANZHUTUSHIYILISHABAIERSHIDISANBANXIAOXIANG,BEIMIANZHUTUWEIBenedetto PistrucciSHEJIDESHENGQIAOZHITULONGXIANG。YUCHANGJIANDEJINYINBIBUTONG,ZHEIZHONG5YINGBANGJINBIBUBIAOMINGMIANE,TAYEBEICHENGWEI5SUOWEILIN(Quintuple Sovereign)。

         

        福建棋牌,{原始关键词}SUOWEILINJINBILISHIYOUJIU。1489NIAN,DIYIBANSUOWEILINJINBIYOUDOUDUOWANGCHAOSHOURENGUOWANGHENGLIQISHISHOUQUANSHENGCHAN,JIAZHI20XIANLING,SHIDANGSHIGUIGEZUIDADEYINGBI(ZHIJINGYUE42HAOMI,ZHONG240GELINGHUO15.55KE),ZHEIBANJINBICUNSHIJISHAO。SUOWEILIN(Sovereign)HAN“ZHUQUAN”ZHIYI,ZAIZAOQIXUANSHILEWANGQUANDEWEIYAN。

         
        第一版索维林金币,图源:英国皇家造币厂博物馆

         

        福建棋牌,{原始关键词}1SUOWEILINJINBIDEJIAZHIZAI15ZHI16SHIJICENGDUOCIBIANHUA,DANJIBENWEICHIZAI20ZHI30XIANLINGZHIJIAN。1604NIAN,ZAIZHANMUSIYISHITONGZHISHIQI,SUOWEILINJINBIZHONGZHISHENGCHAN。

         

        SUOWEILINJINBIZUOWEIFADINGHUOBIZAICICHUXIAN,SHIZAIYINGGUOJINBENWEIZHIZHENGSHIQUELIYIHOU。1816NIAN,YINGGUOYIHUITONGGUO《YINBIZHONGZHUHEGUANLIWANGGUONEIJINBIHEYINBIFAAN》,FAANGUIDING:TINGZHIZHUZAOJINI(Guinea)JINBI,ZHUZAOXINSUOWEILINJINBI,ZUOWEIYINGGUODEHUOBIDANWEIBIAOZHUN,1SUOWEILINJIAZHI1YINGBANG(1YINGBANG=20XIANLING=240BIANSHI)。JIUZHEIYANG,XINSUOWEILINJINBIDANSHENG,JINBIBEIMIANZHUTUCAIYONGYIDALIDIAOKESHIBenedetto PistrucciSHEJIDESHENGQIAOZHITULONGTUAN。


        1817年1索维林金币,图源:numisbids.com

         

        BUJIU,SHENGQIAOZHISHOUCHIDEDUANMAOGAIWEISHENGJIANASIKALONG(Ascalon)。1818NIAN1KELANGYINBILVXIANCAIYONGGAIBANSHEJI,1821NIAN1SUOWEILINJINBIJINSUIQIHOU。YOUQUDESHI,YINYOUZHEIZHONGTUANDEYINGBILIURUZHONGGUOHOU,BEISHOUZANGZHECHENGWEI“MAJIAN”,ZHEIYICHENGHUYANXUZHIJIN。


        1821年1索维林金币,图源:numisbids.com

         

        DIYICISHIJIEDAZHANBAOFAHOU,SUOWEILINJINBIZAIYINGGUOLUXUTUICHULIUTONG,SUIRANHUANGJIAZAOBICHANGGEFENZHIJIGOUZHUBIHUODONGCHIXUDAO1932NIAN,DANYINGGUOBENTUZAICIHUIFUSHENGCHANGUIMOZESHIZAI1957NIAN。1971NIAN,YINGGUOZHENGSHIQUANMIANCAIYONGSHIJINZHIHUOBITIXI,YINGBANGCHENGWEIYINGGUOJIBENHUOBIDANWEI,SHIERJINZHISHIDAI1BANG=20XIANLING=240BIANSHIDEDENGSHIBEIFEICHU,GAIWEI1BANG=100BIANSHI。ZHIDEZHUYI,ZAIDIYICISHIJIEDAZHANZHI1979NIANYIQIAN,SUOWEILINJINBISHIZUOWEIMAOYIYINGBIHUOGUOLIKUIZENGERCUNZAIDE。1979NIANYIHOU,SUOWEILINJINBIZHUANMENMIANXIANGSHOUZANGZHEFAXING。

         

        最佳贸易币:

        澳大利亚五袋鼠1澳元镍铝铜币

         

        福建棋牌,{原始关键词}MULUBIANHAO:KM#84,ZHONGLIANG:9KE,ZHIJING:25HAOMI,HUANGJIAAODALIYAZAOBICHANGSHENGCHAN,SHULIANG:PUZHIBI91,400,000MEI,JINGZHIBI75,000MEI,ZHENGMIANDIAOKE:Raphael David Maklouf,BEIMIANDIAOKE:Stuart Devlin


        图源:onlinecoin.club

         

        YINGBIZHENGMIANWEIYILISHABAIERSHIDISANBANXIAOXIANG,BEIMIANWEIWUZHIDAISHU。ZHEIZHONGYINGBIZAIAODALIYABEICHENGWEI“Mob of Roos(JIANXIEMOR)”,QIZHONG“roo”SHI“DAISHU”DEJIANCHENG。1984NIAN,AODALIYATUICHULE1AOYUANMIANEDEYINGBI,DAITILEZAOQIDEZHIBI。1985NIAN,1AOYUANYINGBISHANGDEYILISHABAIERSHIXIAOXIANGYOUDIERBANBIANWEIDISANBAN。

         

        最受欢迎币:

        卡尔加里冬奥会·高山滑雪加拿大20加元银币

         

        福建棋牌,{原始关键词}MULUBIANHAO:KM#145,CHENGSE:0.925,ZHONGLIANG:33.63KE,ZHIJING:40HAOMI,HUANGJIAJIANADAZAOBICHANGSHENGCHAN,SHULIANG:JINGZHIBI406,360MEI,FENWEIYOUBIANMINGHEWUBIANMINGLIANGZHONG。ZHENGMIANDIAOKE:Arnold Machin,BEIMIANDIAOKE:Ian Stewart,BIANMING:XV OLYMPIC WINTER GAMES - XVES JEUX OLYMPIQUES D'HIVER(YINGFASHUANGYUBANBENDE“DISHIWUJIEDONGJIAOLINPIKEYUNDONGHUI”)


        图源:PCGS

         

        DISHIWUJIEDONGJIAOLINPIKEYUNDONGHUIYU1988NIAN2YUE13RIZHI2YUE28RIZAIJIANADAAERBOTASHENGDEKAERJIALIJUBAN,GONGYOU57GEGUOJIAHUODIQUCANJIALEZHEIJIEYUNDONGHUI。ZAIZHEIJIEYUNDONGHUISHANG,SULIANYUNDONGYUANGONGHUODE29MEIJIANGPAI,QIZHONGJINPAI11MEI、YINPAI9MEI、TONGPAI9MEI,ZAIJIANGPAIPAIXINGBANGSHANGZHANJUBANGSHOUWEIZHI。ZHEIJIEAOYUNHUIQUDELEJIAODADECHENGGONG,BUDANZENGJIALEKAERJIALIDECHENGSHIYINGXIANGLI,HAIDAILAILEJIBAIWANJIAYUANDEYINGLI。YINGLIDEYIBUFENJIULAIZIYUJIANADAWEIAOYUNHUICHOUKUANERFAXINGDEAOYUNZHUTIJINIANBI,ZHEIMEIHUOJIANGBIJIUSHIQIZHONGYIMEI。

         

        最具历史意义币(之一):

        布雷根茨城建立2000周年  奥地利500先令银币

         

        福建棋牌,{原始关键词}MULUBIANHAO:KM#2974,CHENGSE:0.925,ZHONGLIANG:24KE,ZHIJING:37HAOMI,AODILIZAOBICHANGSHENGCHAN,SHULIANG:PUZHIBI341,800MEI,PUZHIBAOZHUANGBI46,000MEI,JINGZHIBI112,200MEI,ZHENGMIANDIAOKE:Edwin Grienauer,BEIMIANDIAOKE:Kurt Bodlak


        图源:PCGS

         

        YINBIBEIMIANSHILIANGMEIYINGBI,QIZHONGYIMEISHILUOMAYINGBI,YINGBIZHONGDERENXIANGSHILUOMADIERRENHUANGDITIBILVE。

         

        福建棋牌,{原始关键词}BULEIGENCISHIAODILIFULAERBEIGEZHOUSHOUFU,WEIYUAODILIXIBU、OUZHOUDISANDADANSHUIHUBODENGHUDONGAN。ZAOZAIGONGYUANQIAN1500NIANQIAN,ZHEILIJIUYOURENLEIDINGJU,CONGGONGYUANQIAN5SHIJIKAISHI,KAIERTERENZAICIFAZHANZHUANGDA。GONGYUANQIAN15NIAN,LUOMARENZHENGFUGAIDI,ZHEISHIBULEIGENCIJIANCHENGDEYUANNIAN。CIHOU,BULEIGENCIYOUXIANJIESHOUHABUSIBAOWANGCHAO、RUIDIAN、BAFALIYA、AODILIDETONGZHI。ZHONGZHONGBIANQIAN,WEIBULEIGENCIJILEILESHENHOUDELISHIDIYUN。CIWAI,BULEIGENCIYINLEJIEMEINIANXIAJIZAIBODENGHUPANJUBAN,GENGWEIZHEIZUOCHENGSHIZENGTIANLEWENHUAMEILI。 

         

        最具历史意义币(之一):

        英迪拉·甘地逝世  印度100卢比银币

         

        福建棋牌,{原始关键词}MULUBIANHAO:KM#281,CHENGSE:0.500,ZHONGLIANG:35KE,ZHIJING:44HAOMI,MENGMAIZAOBICHANGSHENGCHAN,JINGZHIBIBEIMIANDAICHANGBIAOB,PUZHIBIBEIMIANDAICHANGBIAOBHUOBIAO·HAO,SHULIANGBUXIANG



        图源:PCGS

         

        YINGDILA·PULIYADAXINI·GANDI(1917-1984)CENGDANRENGUOLIANGJIEYINDUZONGLI,YESHIYINDUWEIYIDENVXINGZONGLI,SUYILEILIFENGXINGDEZHENGZHIZUOFENGERWENMING,BEIHOURENCHENGWEI“YINDUTIENIANGZI”。TASHIYINDUDULIHOUSHOURENZONGLIJIAWAHALAER·NIHELUDENVER,TADEXINGSHIZAI1942NIANGAISUIFUXING“GANDI”(ZHANGFUFEILUOZI·GANDI,YU“SHENGXIONGGANDI”WUXUEYUANGUANXI)。

         

        YINGDILA·GANDIZAILISHISHANGSHIYIWEIYOUZHENGYIDENVZHENGZHIJIA:YIFANGMIAN,TAZAIMENGJIALAGUOCHENGLI、TUNBINGXIJIN、HESHIYANDENGGUOJISHIWUZHONGXIANSHILEFEIFANDEZHENGZHICAIGANHEGUODUANDEJUEXIN。LINGYIFANGMIAN,TAQUEWEINENGPINGJIEQIANGYINGZUOFENGYOUXIAOWENDINGGUONEISHEHUIZHIXU,CONGGENBENSHANGHUANJIEGUONEIMINZHONGDEPINKUNZHUANGKUANG,ZHEISHITAZHAOZHIMINZHONGPIPINGDEZHUYAOYUANYIN。1984NIAN,YINGDILA·GANDIYINXIKEJIAOJIDUANZHUYISHILIBUDUANFADONGKONGBUBAOLIHUODONG,PAIBINGXIJIXIKEJIAODESHENGDIJINMIAO,JISHALEGAISHILISHOULING。DANZHEICIXIJIZAOCHENGYANZHONGDEQUNZHONGLIUXUESHIJIAN,YINFAXIKEJIAOTUDECHOUHEN。BUJIU,ZHEIWEINVZONGLIJIUZAODAOANSHA,JIESHULESHENGMING。

         

        ZONGDELAIKAN,ZHEIYINIANDUHUOJIANGYINGBIDELIANGDIANHAOWUYIWENSHIFENLANJINIANBI,TACHENGWEIZUIDAYINGJIASHIZHIMINGGUI。ERQIE,ZHEIZHONGJINIANBIHENRONGYIHUODE,SHIBUCUODERUMENPINZHONG。

         

        XIAQI,BIZHEJIANGJIESHAO1988NIANDUSHIJIEYINGBIDAJIANGHUOJIANGBI。

         

        本文主要参考文献:

        福建棋牌,{原始关键词}[1]numismaster.com, Coin of the Year Awards(Coins minted in 1982-2011),2013.

         

        [2]wikipedia.org, Coin of the Year Award(1984-).

         

        [3]Alan Herbert, World Coin News past Coins of the Year(1982-2004), 2007.

         

        [4]Donald Scarinci, Coin of the Year - Celebrating Three Decades of the Best in Coin Design and Craftsmanship, 2015.

         

        [5]Krause Publications, 30 Years of The Coin of The Year, 2013.

         

        福建棋牌,{原始关键词}[6]Krause Publications, 2019 Standard Catalog of 1901-2000(46nd Edition), 2018.

         

        [7]LITIESHENG,《SHIJIEYINGBIDAJIANGSAIHUOJIANGYINGBI1982-2001》(PPT)。

         

        (BIANYI:MATIANYI)

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