福建棋牌,{原始关键词}

<small id='3hccg'></small><noframes id='3hccg'>

  • <tfoot id='3hccg'></tfoot>

      <legend id='3hccg'><style id='3hccg'><dir id='3hccg'><q id='3hccg'></q></dir></style></legend>
      <i id='3hccg'><tr id='3hccg'><dt id='3hccg'><q id='3hccg'><span id='3hccg'><b id='3hccg'><form id='3hccg'><ins id='3hccg'></ins><ul id='3hccg'></ul><sub id='3hccg'></sub></form><legend id='3hccg'></legend><bdo id='3hccg'><pre id='3hccg'><center id='3hccg'></center></pre></bdo></b><th id='3hccg'></th></span></q></dt></tr></i><div id='3hccg'><tfoot id='3hccg'></tfoot><dl id='3hccg'><fieldset id='3hccg'></fieldset></dl></div>

          <bdo id='3hccg'></bdo><ul id='3hccg'></ul>

          1. <li id='3hccg'><abbr id='3hccg'></abbr></li>
              <dir id='qunpz'><del id='qunpz'><del id='qunpz'></del><pre id='qunpz'><pre id='qunpz'><option id='qunpz'><address id='qunpz'></address><bdo id='qunpz'><tr id='qunpz'><acronym id='qunpz'><pre id='qunpz'></pre></acronym><div id='qunpz'></div></tr></bdo></option></pre><small id='qunpz'><address id='qunpz'><u id='qunpz'><legend id='qunpz'><option id='qunpz'><abbr id='qunpz'></abbr><li id='qunpz'><pre id='qunpz'></pre></li></option></legend><select id='qunpz'></select></u></address></small></pre></del><sup id='qunpz'></sup><blockquote id='qunpz'><dt id='qunpz'></dt></blockquote><blockquote id='qunpz'></blockquote></dir><tt id='qunpz'></tt><u id='qunpz'><tt id='qunpz'><form id='qunpz'></form></tt><td id='qunpz'><dt id='qunpz'></dt></td></u>
            1. <code id='qunpz'><i id='qunpz'><q id='qunpz'><legend id='qunpz'><pre id='qunpz'><style id='qunpz'><acronym id='qunpz'><i id='qunpz'><form id='qunpz'><option id='qunpz'><center id='qunpz'></center></option></form></i></acronym></style><tt id='qunpz'></tt></pre></legend></q></i></code><center id='qunpz'></center>

                <dd id='qunpz'></dd>

                  <style id='qunpz'></style><sub id='qunpz'><dfn id='qunpz'><abbr id='qunpz'><big id='qunpz'><bdo id='qunpz'></bdo></big></abbr></dfn></sub>
                  <dir id='qunpz'></dir>
                1. 国际币

                  美中不足的2019版法国硬币“红宝书”

                  精品赏析    |    2020-01-02 15:02    |    来源:中国金币网

                  中国收藏者最常使用的法国硬币版别价格图录,是加杜里出版社(Éditions Victor Gadoury)的《法国硬币》(MONNAIES FRANÇAISES),又称法国硬币“红宝书”。该书为法语图书,于1973年首次出版,后维持两年修订一版的传统。1994年,加杜里出版社的创始人维克多·加杜里去世,他的两位长期撰稿人弗朗切斯科·帕斯特龙(Francesco Pastrone)和罗莫洛·维斯科维(Romolo Vescovi)将出版社收购,使《法国硬币》得以延续。2019版《法国硬币》是第24版,由弗朗切斯科及其子费德里科(Federico Pastrone)主编,在2017版的基础上增加了一些内容,值得详细介绍。

                  《法国硬币,1789-2019》


                  排版特点


                  2019BAN《FAGUOYINGBI》GONGYOU608YE,NEIRONGYI1789NIANZHI2019NIANDEFAGUOXIANDAIZHUBIWEIZHU。TAZHUYAOANYINGBIDEPINZHONG,JIANGQUANSHUHUAFENWEIBAGEZHANGJIE。SHUZHONGZHUYAOCAIYONGLIANGTAOBIANPAIFANGSHI:DIYI、ER、SANZHANGZHUYAOANYINGBIMIANESHENGXUPAILIE,GEZHONGMIANEYINGBIZAIANZHUZAOSHIQIJISHIJIANDEXIANHOUPAIXU。DILIU、QI、BAZHANGZHUYAOANYINGBIZHUZAOSHIQIDEXIANHOUSHUNXUPAILIE,GEGESHIQIYINGBIZAIANXILIE、MIANESHENGXUPAILIE。ER2019NIAN5YUEYOUQINGQIBINGCHUBANSHECHUBANDELe Franc 2019,JI《FALANG:YINGBIYUDANGAN》(LE FRANC, LES MONNAIES, LES ARCHIVES)ZETONGYIANYINGBIZHUZAOSHIQIHUAFENQUANSHUZHANGJIE。DUIBIZHIXIA,《FALANGYINGBI》XIANDE“ZALUAN”YIXIE。

                  C:UsersAdministratorDesktop.jpg

                  《法国硬币》目录页


                  DANZAIDANYEPAIBANFANGMIAN,《FAGUOYINGBI》BIAOXIANCHUSE,ZHUYAOTEDIANSHIYIDALIANGJUBUXIJIETUCHONGSHIYEMIAN,DUIYINGBIBANBIEJINXINGSHUOMING,ZHEISHIFEIFAYUGUOJIADUZHERENGNENGLIJIEYINGBIZHIJIANBUTONGBANBIEDECHAYI。

                  C:UsersAdministratorDesktop.jpg

                  20金法郎页面排版(局部)


                  福建棋牌,{原始关键词}YICITUWEILI,MEIZHONGBANSHIDEYINGBITUANYUBANSHITEZHENG、FAXINGSHUJUDENGXINXIZAIZUISHANGFANGXIANSHI。


                  福建棋牌,{原始关键词}YINGBITUANXIAZUOQIWEITUSHUBIANHAO,RUTUZHONGDE“1025”,GAISHUBEIPAIMAIXINGHEQITATUSHUYINYONGSHIDEMINGCHENGYOUSHISHI“Gadoury”,YOUSHIZESHI“Gad.”,DANZAISHUZHONGSHIBUTIXIANDE。FAGUOYINGBIGONGJUSHUXIGUANZHIWEIBANSHIYIJIBIANHAO,BANSHIZHIXIADEBANBIEYIBANBUBIANHAO。


                  福建棋牌,{原始关键词}BIANHAOYOUCEWEIBANSHIMINGCHENGHEPINJIMIAOSHUSUOXIE:B、TB、TTB、SUP、FDC,KEYICIDUIYINGMEIGUOPINGJIMIAOSHUSUOXIEVG、F、VF、AU、MS。ZHEIXIEPINJIDEJUTIJIESHIZAISHUZHONGDI19YE。


                  MIANEXIAFANGBIAOZHUYINGBIDEZHUZAOYIJU,TUZHONG“créé par décret impérial du 22 octobre 1808”JI“YIJU1808NIAN10YUE22RIDIGUOFALINGZHUZAO”。


                  JIEXIALAILIEJUDEJIUSHIJUTIBANBIE,YOUYUZAOBICHANGZHONGDUO,SHOUZANGZHESHIJISHANGJINYOUJINGLIANZHAOBUTONGDEZAOBICHANGLAISHOUJIFAGUOYINGBI,ERHENSHAOJIUJIEBUTONGMOJUJIANDECHABIE。DAN《FAGUOYINGBI》RENGYIFENGFUDETUAN,SHUOMINGGEZAOBICHANGZHUBIDETESHUXIJIE。


                  ZAIPINJIMIAOSHUXIADEJIAGEJIEWEIOUYUANHUOBIDANWEI,DANSHUZHONGJIAGEZHIYOUCANKAOYIYI,BUKEZUOWEIYINGBIJIAOYIHEJINGPAIDEJUEDUIYIJU。


                  QINGZHUYI,GAISHUGECHANGZHUBISHULIANGSHUJUYULe Franc 2019YOUHENDUOCHURU。WOMENYINGGAIYISHEIWEIZHUN?ZHITIYIDIAN:《FAGUOYINGBI》LIECHUDECANKAOWENXIANSHULIANGYUANYUANBUJILe Franc 2019。

                  C:UsersAdministratorDesktop.jpg

                  《法国硬币》引用参考书目


                  ZAISHEJIDAOMOUXIEPINZHONGDEYINGBISHI,GAISHUDEYEMIANPAIBANGENGJIAFENGFU。


                  JIEXIALAIJIANGJIESHAOGEZHANGDEZHUYAONEIRONGHETEDIAN。


                  ZHENGWENZHIQIANDENEIRONG


                  福建棋牌,{原始关键词}ZHENGWENZHIQIANDENEIRONGYOUQIANYAN、JIESHAO、FAGUOHUOBILISHINIANBIAO、YINGBITEZHENGSHIBIE、DIAOKESHIJIZAOBICHANGZHANGBIAOJI、CANKAOWENXIAN、ZHIXIE、PINJIMIAOSHUJIDUIZHAO、MINGCISUOLVEYUSHIYI、YINGBIBEINIFANGXIANGSHUOMINGDENGGOUCHENG。ZHEIBUFENNEIRONGWUXUZHUIYAN,JINFANGSHANGTUPIANGONGDUZHECANKAO。

                  C:UsersAdministratorDesktop.jpg

                  法国货币历史年表(部分)


                  C:UsersAdministratorDesktop- 200101 介绍2019版法国硬币“红宝书”.jpg

                  硬币识别要点、雕刻师标记及全名


                  第一章:第纳尔、苏、里弗尔货币系统


                  福建棋牌,{原始关键词}GAIZHANGZHENGWENYIYIZE1791NIAN4YUE9RIDEFALINGZHAIYAOWEIKAIPIAN,SHOUJILEJUNZHULIXIANSHIQI(1791-1792)JIGUOMINGONGHUISHIQI(1792-1795)DEFAGUOYINGBI,YINGBIZHUYAOANMIANESHENGXUPAILIE,JUTIBAOHAN:3DINAER、6DINAER、1/2SU、12DINAER、1SU、2SU、15SU、30SU、1/2AIJUHUO3LIFUER、1AIJUHUO6LIFUER、1JINLUYIHUO24LIFUERJIMEIYINCIWEICHENGBI1、2、5SU。


                  YINGBIDUIHUANGUANXIWEI:12DINAER=1SU;1AIJU(6LIFUER)=120SU;24LIFUER=1JINLUYI。


                  福建棋牌,{原始关键词}WANGSHI、JUNZHULIXIAN、GUOMINGONGHUISANGEJIEDUANDEYINGBIJIDENGZHIGUANXIJIANXIABIAO:

                  C:UsersAdministratorDesktop- 200101 介绍2019版法国硬币“红宝书”.jpg

                  三个阶段的硬币及等值关系详表(书中第24页)


                  福建棋牌,{原始关键词}ZHENGWENNEIRONGCONGDI25YEZHIDI48YEYIXUZHANKAI,JUTIYEMIANJIUBUJULILE。ZHEIYIZHANGDENEIRONG,SHILe FrancSHUXIMEIYOUDE。


                  第二章:法郎系统


                  福建棋牌,{原始关键词}GAIZHANGNEIRONGBAOHANFEIJINBIDEFALANGLIUTONGYINGBIJISHOUZANGTAOBI,ANYINGBIMIANESHENGXUPAILIE,TONGMIANEYINGBIANSHIQIXIANHOUSHUNXUPAILIE——DIYIZHANGDEPAILIEFANGSHIYESHIZHEIYANG,DANYESHUJIAOSHAO,YINGXIANGBUDA。GESHIQIFALANGYINGBIZAIANZHEIZHONGFANGSHIPAILIE,ZEBUBIANYUDUZHECHAYUE。


                  BIRU,ZAINAPOLUNYISHISHIQIDE1FALANGYINGBIHE5FALANGYINGBIZHIJIAN,JIUJIANGELELUYISHIBA、CHALISHISHI、LUYI-FEILIPU、DIERGONGHEGUO、NAPOLUNSANSHI、DISANGONGHEGUO、DISIGONGHEGUO、DIWUGONGHEGUODENGSHIQIDEYINGBI,MEIDANGYINGBIMIANEFASHENGBIANHUA,GESHIQIYINGBIDOUYAOANXINDEMIANEZHONGXINPAILIEYICI。DUIBIQITAZHANGJIE,ZHEIZHONGPAILIEFANGSHIXIANDECHENJIULUOWU。


                  DI50YEWEIKAIPIAN,JIESHAOFALANGDANSHENGDASHIJIJIXINJIUHUOBIXITONGDUIHUANGUANXI。DI51YEZHI264YEWEIZHENGWEN,SHIQUANSHUDEJINGHUABUFEN,ZHIDECANKAO。ZHEIYIZHANGDUIBI2017BAN,XINZENGNAPOLUNZHANZHENGSHIQIDEANTEWEIPUWEICHENGBI。

                  C:UsersAdministratorDesktop- 200101 介绍2019版法国硬币“红宝书”8.jpg

                  安特卫普围城币(部分)


                  SHOUZANGTAOBIZAIGAIZHANGZHIZHAN4YE,YIWENZIHUOLIEBIAOXINGSHIZHANXIAN。

                  C:UsersAdministratorDesktop9.jpg

                  收藏套币(FDC系列与BU系列)


                  第三章:金法郎


                  福建棋牌,{原始关键词}ZHEIYIZHANGSHOULULEFALANGLIUTONGJINBI。《FAGUOYINGBI》ZHUANMENWEIJINFALANGHUAFENZHANGJIE,YINGDANGSHUNYINGLEFAGUOSHOUZANGZHEDESHIJIXUQIU,DANQUESHIQIDULIYUFALANGHUOBITIXIZHIWAI,JIRENYIZHONGGELIEGAN。KAIPIANWEIZIYOUSHICHANGHUANGJIN(GEGUOJINBITONGHUO)JIAGEDUIZHAOBIAO。

                  C:UsersAdministratorDesktop.jpg

                  自由市场黄金价格对照表(局部)


                  ZHENGWENYANGSHIZAIQIANMIANYIJINGTIDAO,ZHEILIBUZAIZHUISHU。


                  福建棋牌,{原始关键词}GAIZHANGJIEWEIWEIFAGUOXIQUEJINFALANGLIEBIAO,ZHUANWEIYINGYUDUZHESHEJI,ZHEIZHANGBIAOZHIDEJIEJIAN。

                  C:UsersAdministratorDesktopN - 0026.jpg

                  法国稀缺金法郎


                  第四章:法郎金银纪念币(1989-2001)


                  ZHEIYIZHANGZHIYOUSHUOMING,MEIYOUZHENGWENNEIRONG,SHUOMINGRUXIA:YINPIANFUYOUXIAN,GAIZHANGSUOYOUNEIRONGZAI《FALANGYINGBI》DE2015BANKECHAYUE,JIAGEWEICHIBUBIAN——DANZHEIZHONGZUOFABUHELI,ZHINENGBIAOMINGFAGUOSHOUZANGJIEDUIFALANGJINYINJINIANBIDEQINGSHITAIDU。


                  第五章:法国欧元普通硬币、套币


                  福建棋牌,{原始关键词}2002NIAN1YUE1RI,OUYUANZAIFAGUOZHENGSHILIUTONG,GAIZHANGNEIRONGJIESHAOLE1、2、5、10、20、50OUFENJI1、2OUYUANYINGBI,BINGBAOKUOBU/BEXILIEOUYUANTAOBI。SHUZHONGYOUBU、BE、FDC、FBJIZHONGSUOLVECI,ZHEILILVEZUOJIESHI:


                  BUJI“Brillant Universel”,GUANGLIANGWEILIUTONGYINGBI,SHUZHONGZHUANZHIBALIZAOBICHANGDECHUDATAOBI。


                  福建棋牌,{原始关键词}BEJI“Belle Epreuve”,SHUZHONGZHUANZHIBALIZAOBICHANGDEJINGMIANMOSHAFUDIAOJINGZHITAOBI。


                  福建棋牌,{原始关键词}FDCJI“Fleur de Coin”,CHANGYONGLAIMIAOSHUPUZHIYINGBIDEZUIGAOPINJI,HUOZHUANZHI1964NIANZHI1990NIANBALIZAOBICHANGZHUANWEISHOUZANGTEZHIDETAOBI。


                  福建棋牌,{原始关键词}FBJI“Flan Bruni”,SHUZHONGZHUANZHIDIBANGUANGLIANG,ERFUDIAOYAGUANGDEJINGZHIBIHUOLEIJINGZHIBI。

                  C:UsersAdministratorDesktop
.jpg

                  法国2欧元硬币(部分)


                  TAOBIBUFENRENGYIBIAOGEXINGSHITIXIAN。

                  C:UsersAdministratorDesktop.jpg

                  欧元BU套币


                  第六章:法国欧元金银币(2002-2019)


                  GAIZHANGKAIPIANTIXINGDUZHE:YINPIANFUYUANYIN,ZHEIBUFENNEIRONGSHANJIANLEYIXIEYINGBITUPIAN,ERQIEYINWEIWUFACONGBALIZAOBICHANGHUODEKEKAODEZILIAO,KENENGCUNZAICUOWU。GAIZHANGNEIRONGANNIANBIANPAI,MEINIANYINGBIZAIANXILIE、MIANESHENGXUPAILIE。

                  C:UsersAdministratorDesktop.jpg

                  法国欧元金银币(部分页)


                  ZHUYISHUZHONGBIANHAOZIMUBIANCHENGLE“EU”。


                  第七章:摩纳哥、科西嘉、萨尔、拿破仑意大利、威斯特法伦铸币


                  ZHEIYIZHANGDEYINGBIZHUYAOANSHIQIXIANHOUSHUNXUPAILIE,GESHIQIYINGBIZAIANMIANESHENGXUPAILIE。GAIZHANGNEIRONGPANGZA,QIZHONGMONAGEYINGBI(1640-2019)DEPIANFUCHAOGUOQUANSHU1/6NEIRONG。MONAGESHIDICHUFAGUONANBUDEGUOZHONGZHIGUO。WEIHEYIBENGUANYUFAGUOYINGBIDEQIANBITUSHU,QUEJIMONAGEZHEIMEDUOPIANFU?KENENGYUCHUBANSHEZAIMONAGEBANGONGYOUGUAN。


                  福建棋牌,{原始关键词}ZHEIYIZHANGDUIBI2017BAN,XINZENGHUOFENGFULEKEXIJIA(1736,1762-1768)、SAERBAOHULING(1954-1955)、YIDALIWANGGUO(NAPOLUNYISHI)、NEIBULESIWANGGUO(MOULA)、WEISITEFALUN(RELUOMU)DENGDIQUZHUBIDENEIRONG。DANZHEIXIEDIQUDEZHUBISHULIANGSHUJURENGWEICANKAOZUIXINDEYANJIUCHENGGUOLIECHU,ERQIEWEISHOULUNEIBULESIWANGGUODEFEISHIJINZHIZHUBI。BUGUO,ZAIDANYEPAIBANFANGMIAN,GAIZHANGRENGYOUKEJIEJIANDEJIAZHI。

                  C:UsersAdministratorDesktop
.jpg

                  福建棋牌,{原始关键词}ZHEIYIYEKANCHENGNAPOLUN20LILAJINBIDEPAIBANDIANFAN

                  C:UsersAdministratorDesktop.jpg

                  极其详尽的版别细节


                  第八章:拿破仑一世与三世时期的测试币、加厚币、精制币


                  福建棋牌,{原始关键词}GAIZHANGDUIBI2017BAN,XINZENGNAPOLUNYISHISHIQIDECESHIBI、JIAHOUBIJIJINGZHIBI。ZHEIBUFENNEIRONGKEYULe Franc 2019HUBU,ERHOUZHELIECHUDECESHIBIJIBUWANQUAN,YEWEIBIAOZHUJIAGE。


                  XUYAOZHUYI,“essai”HE“épreuve”SUIRANMINGYISHANGDOUSHICESHIBI,DANQIANZHEYINYOU“ESSAI”,SHIJISHANGSHIYIZHONGCHENGYANGBI,XIANZAIZEJUYOUSHANGYEXINGZHI,MIANXIANGSHOUZANGZHESHENGCHAN。HOUZHESHIZAICHANPINZHENGSHISHENGCHANQIANZHENZHENGWEICESHIMUDEERZHIZAODE,YUZHENGSHISHENGCHANDEYINGBIXIANGBI,XINGZHUANGYUTUANXIANGTONG,DANCAIZHIBUTONG。


                  福建棋牌,{原始关键词}JIAHOUBI(piéforts)ZAOQIJUYOUCESHIJICHENGYANGGONGNENG,HOUQIZHUANMENMIANXIANGSHOUZANGZHESHENGCHAN。

                  C:UsersAdministratorDesktop.jpg


                  第八章示例页


                  福建棋牌,{原始关键词}ZONGHESHANGSHUNEIRONG,BIZHEDUIZHEIBENSHUZONGDEPINGJIASHI:MEIZHONGBUZU。RUGUOMANFENSHIWUXINGDEHUA,TAZHINENGDESANXING。YUANYINZONGJIERUXIA:


                  QIYI,MOUXIEZHANGJIEDEBIANPAIFANGSHIBUHESHIYI,GELIEGANYANZHONG。


                  福建棋牌,{原始关键词}QIER,JIESHAOWUGUANNEIRONGGUODUO,MONAGEYINGBIZHANQUQUANSHU1/6PIANFU。XINZENGQITADIQUNEIRONGBENLAISHIYIZHONGJINBU,DANHULVENEIBULESIWANGGUODEFEISHIJINZHIHUOBIXITONG,QUEYOUMEIZHONGBUZU。


                  QISAN,SHANQUDISIZHANGNEIRONG(2017BANYEMEIYOU),GAOSUDUZHEQU2015BANZHAO,XIANDEFUYAN。


                  福建棋牌,{原始关键词}QISI,YINGBIZHUZAOLIANGKAOZHENGWEICANKAOGEZHONGZILIAOZUIXINYANJIUCHENGGUO,YOUDAISHANGQUE。


                  DANSHI,ZHEIRENGSHIYIBENFANGBIAN、JINGJIDEFAGUOYINGBIBANBIEJIAGEGONGJUSHU,ZAINEIRONGSHANGYULe Franc 2019HUBU。TACHUSEDEDANYEPAIBANBIANJISHIFEIFAYUDUZHEYENENGQINGYILIJIEYINGBIDEBANBIEXIJIE,KEMANZUYIBANSHOUZANGZHEDEXUQIU。RUNENGGAIBIANBIANPAIFANGSHI,DUINEIRONGYOUSUOQUSHE,GAISHUJIANGGENGJIASHIYONG。

                  (ZUOZHE:MATIANYI)

                  分享到

                  我要评论

                  发布

                  热点推荐

                  推荐视频查看更多>

                  • 2020ZHONGGUOGENGZI(SHU)NIANJINYINJINIANBIXUANCHUANPIAN

                  • SHUNIANJINYINJINIANBIDENGLUNASIDAKEDAPING

                  CopyRight ©2000-2019 echoerror.com 京ICP证080121号 京ICP备10003406号 京公网安备2

                  牛牛游戏大厅下载---福建棋牌,{原始关键词}_Welcome 御泉棋牌 港城棋牌---HOME_Welcome 道游互娱棋牌平台---福建棋牌,{原始关键词}_欢迎您 爱玩棋牌下载